About Nellore District:
Nellore district, Well known for Best Andhra meals and cashews
Nellore district is one of the most important cities and municipal corporations in state of Andhra Pradesh and located on bank of penneru river. Nellore has seen significant developments be it in art or in trade. The evidences available with regard to its contribution to arts and literature since prehistoric times highlight its rich cultural past. Nellore city is the administrative headquarters of Sri Potti Sri Ramulu Nellore district. Hyderabad, the state capital of Andhra Pradesh, is around 450 kilometer away from Nellore. Nellore is situated on the Chennai-Kolkata Highway, or NH 5, which is an integral part of the Golden Quadrilateral Expressway Project undertaken by the Indian Government. Nellore is known for the production of mica and gold jewellery. Apart from these two, aquaculture and cultivation of paddy are two very important engagements of the people of Nellore.
History of Nellore:
Till the 13th Century, Nellore was known as “Vikrama Simhapuri”. The word “Nellore” is derived from the Tamil word “Nelluru”, where “Nel” means paddy and “ooru” means place. In the ancient Mauryan texts, one can find the mention of Nellore. The Great King Asoka ruled over Nellore during his reign (3rd Century BC). Apart from the Mauryan Kingdom, other important kingdoms of South India, like Cholas, Pallavas and Arcot Nawabs have ruled Nellore in different points of time. Finally, the British rulers became the ruling power in Nellore. They had placed Nellore under the Madras Presidency.
Administrative Divisions of Nellore:
There are 10 state assembly constituencies in Nellore namley Allur, Atmakur, Sullurpeta, Gudur, Kavali, Kovur, Udayagiri, Nellore, Sarvepalli, and Venkatagiri. There are three seats in the Parliament of India from the district and they are Nellore, Tirupati and Ongole. Apart from the 10 state assemblies, there are 46 Revenue Mandals, 12 Agriculture Sub Divisions and 5 Revenue Divisions, namely Nellore, Kavali, Naidupeta, Atmakur, and Gudur and 1204 Revenue Villages (among these revenue villages, 1135 are inhabited) in the district. There are 968 Gram Panchayats and one corporation, Nellore ,in the district . Other than the Nellore Municipal Corporation, there are 6 Municipalities namely Kavali, Venkatagiri, Gudur, Naidupeta, Sullurpeta and Atmakur present in the Nellore district. Nellore Municipal City Corporation is the administrative body of the city looking after water, sanitation and town planning.
Culture of Nellore:
The culture of Nellore is very much similar to the culture of Andhra Pradesh. Annamayya, Kuchipudi and Tyagaraja which summarize the artistic traditions of Andhra Pradesh also characterizes the culture of Nellore. Even today, people in Nellore, like other parts of Andhra practice these forms religiously. Telugu language has been developed by numerous contributors and Nellore along with the rest of Andhra Pradesh also featured prominently in the Telugu language.